A large share of economic units and workers remain outside the space of regulated economic activities and protected employment relationships. As per the periodic employment and unemployment surveys (EUS) conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation for 2011-12 estimated employment in the informal component to be about 75 per cent of total usual status employment (principal and subsidiary) in the rural areas and 69 per cent in urban areas. It has become imperative for every economy to support informal enterprises and improving informal jobs to promote growth and reducing poverty.
Informal economy provide livelihood to millions of families and almost entire urban slums depends the informal economy. Unorganized workers and self employed workers are informally employed. This bracket of workers lack social security and employment benefits, which makes them moralized and vulnerable groups. There work is of temporary nature, the relationship between employer and the employee is temporary, working hours are uncertain, no minimum wage, no basic amenities, women workers are subjected to multiple harassment, wages differences among male and female, unhygienic conditions of work etc. makes them vulnerable. Considerable progress has been made during the 11th Plan for the inclusion of unorganized workers and self-employed categories to address the needs of these vulnerable groups.
An important milestone was the enactment of the Unorganised Workers Social Security Act (2008). The Building and Other Construction Workers (regulation of employment and conditions of service) act, 1996 The street vendors (protection of livelihood and regulation of street vending) act, 2014 The acts has been formulated to lift hundred of millions out of poverty within a generation. However, the awareness regarding these acts and the entitlements among the workers is infinitesimal. These acts are well drafted and has potential but needs reinforcement. Until unless these benefits and entitlement reaches to the concerned group these acts are just well drafted acts without benefiting the worker and our economy. BREDS team is working wit especially building and construction workers, street vendors and waste pickers in the Urban slum areas of visakhapatnam. Creating awareness and working alongside with the state government bodies in securing their statutory rights, entilements and availing the benefits.